New IRC data: Horn of Africa drought leading to increasing violence against women and girls

Website International Rescue Committee

  • In Kenya’s Hagadera refugee camp, the number of women and girls reporting cases of violence nearly doubled from 198 in 2019 to 389 in 2021
  • Children, especially girls, are dropping out of school as the drought forces families including children to migrate in search of food instead of going to school, increasing the exposure of girls to perpetrators of violence. In Ethiopia’s Somali region, one teacher reported that the school’s enrolment dropped from 300 to 20 due to the drought.
  • In Somalia, with over 250 women and girls reporting violence in 2021 in IRC project sites in Galmudug, Puntland and Benadir regions, statistics show more younger girls are facing violence compared to previous periods. This can be attributed to increased displacement as families seek food, water and pasture with women and girls finding themselves in unfamiliar and risky territories.

Extreme drought in East Africa is leading to cases of violence against women and girls in the region, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) warns in a new analysis. The drought has resulted from four failed rainy seasons. Together with economic downturns from the COVID-19 pandemic, the drought has forced women, who are in charge of finding food and water for their families, to travel further away from home to seek resources, exposing them to harm outside. Women and girls who become displaced in search of food, water and pasture, have found themselves in unfamiliar territories that pose high risks. IRC is calling on donors to urgently fulfil funding pledges made to respond to the drought in order to mitigate the risks for women and girls in the region and protect the gains made on this front in previous years.

Kurt Tjossem, Regional Vice President for East Africa at the IRC, says,

“The record drought in East Africa as well as the long term effects of the economic downturn from the COVID-19 pandemic is putting women and girls at higher risk of violence. In addition, due to congestion and limited resources within displacement camps women and girls are exposed to greater risks. In some of our project sites, we are seeing double the number of cases of violence reported in the most recent year than in previous years. Yet, we know violence against women and girls is severely under-reported due to fears of stigma and this data does not give a full depiction of the total prevalence. On the ground, women and girls are sharing that the cases of violence specifically targeted against younger girls have increased compared to other periods. Girls in particular have dropped out of school, and the protection they got from being in school is no longer there, meaning that there are more chances for them to come face to face with perpetrators.”

IRC is working across the region to provide nutrition, health, water and sanitation, women’s protection and empowerment and economic development services. IRC calls on all world leaders to increase funding to scale up the response to the drought as well as protection services for women and girls in the region, specifically services such as psychosocial support and livelihood programming.


Madiha Raza
International Rescue Committee
+254 (0) 769 709 357
[email protected]

IRC Global Communications
+1 646 761 0307
[email protected]

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